A brief history:
In the summer of 1499, Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci are said to be the first Europeans to go to Aruba, following the explorations ordered by the Spanish Monarchy. For over a century Aruba was ruled under the colonization of The Spanish Crown. In 1508 Alonso de Ojeda was chosen as Aruba’s very first Governor, as part of the New Andalucía (Nueva Andalucía). The Spanish Crown ruled for over 135 years, before they left and declared the island ‘isla inutil’ (useless island). As soon as they left the Dutch took over (official 1636). For a relatively short period Aruba was ruled under The British Empire (Napoleonic wars 1799-1816) before handling it back to the Dutch.
Our Constitutional Form:
The island is an independent Nation within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It has a Constitutional Monarchy with a parliament democracy. Aruba’s Governor and all judges in the judicial branch are directly appointed by the Monarch. The Parliament’s legislative branch consists of 21 members which is elected directly by the most popular vote for a 4 year period, whereas the eight members of council of ministers are chosen by the Parliament.
The Perfect Geographical Position:
Aruba lies in the Caribbean Sea (West Indies), 12 degrees north of the equator, roughly 29km (18 miles) off the Peninsula Paraguaná of Venezuela. Aruba jointly with Curaçao and Bonaire, form part of the group named the ‘ABC islands’. Together, Aruba and all the other islands that fall under the Kingdom of the Netherlands are often called the Dutch Caribbean. Aruba is blessed to be out of the hurricane belt, making it the most demanded destination in the Caribbean.
Our pride, our drinking Water:
Aruba has no significantly natural sources of fresh water to rely from. The reason why our drinking water is distilled. According to the World Health Organization Aruba’s water meets the highest standards of quality, placing our water in the top 5 as the second best drinking water in the entire world. It is pure and refreshing, so there is absolutely no need to spend money on bottled water. Our plant is called W.E.B which is the abbreviation of “Water- en Energiebedrijf” which is the second largest salt water desalination plant in the entire world.
Our economy relies mainly on tourism. 70% of the population of Aruba works directly in the Hospitality and Tourism sector. Banking and transportation follows as second and third. Present manufacturing in Aruba consist of petroleum products which are semi-finished, plastic bags, paint products and utensils, disinfectants, aloe-based hair and skincare products, beer and condiments.
Queen Beatrix International Airport. It is ranked at nr. 9 on the busiest Airports in the Caribbean, handling over 2 million passengers per year. (www.airportaruba.com).
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
American Airlines, JetBlue Airways, US Airways, Delta Airlines, Continental Airlines, United Airlines, Air Canada, Air Transit, Sky service, SLM, Spirit Airlines.
KLM, Martinair, ArkeFly, Thomson Holidays.
Tiara Air, Insel Air, Dutch Antilles Express.
Tiara Air, Avianca, Copa Airlines, Venezolana, SAM Aires, Avior, Aserca, PAWA Domincana.
Area: 6 miles across, 19.6 miles in length and has an area of 77 Square Miles, which is about 180 square km
Time Zone: (GMT – 04:00 Georgetown, Manaus, La Paz , San Juan).
Dialing Code: +297.
Currency: Aruban Florin (AWG). US dollars are accepted.
Exchange Rate: US$ 1.00= AWG 1.80 (more info at www.cbaruba.org).
Languages: Dutch (official), English, Spanish & Papiamento.
Life Expectancy: 75 years.
Literacy Rate: 97%.
Temperature: Avg. of 82°F (27°C).
Rainfall: Avg. of 15.7 inches (400mm) p/y.
Electricity System: North American voltage standard (110-127 Volt, 60 cycles). NTSC (TV Standard). 220V is also common in most houses for air conditioning units.
New Year’s Day: January 1
Betico Croes Day: January 25
Carnaval Monday: Date varies each year
National Flag / Anthem Day: March 18
Good Friday: Date varies each year
Easter Monday: Date varies each year
Kings Day: April 27
Labor Day: May 1
Ascension Day: Date varies each year
Christmas Day: December 25
Boxing Day: December 26